TCS, tata allegedly involved in identity theft frauds, slow murder

One of the reasons why tata, tcs is making a huge profit is that tata, tcs is allegedly involved in major identity theft frauds in India on harmless paypal account holders which allow tata group to acquire talent and technology cheaply and also have their puppets appointed to lucrative R&AW/CBI/indian intelligence jobs with fake resume, fake investment and fake work who will do whatever tata orders them to. For example to destroy the reputation and finances of india’s largest female domain investor, google competitor, fraud ntro officials puneet, vijay,j srinivasan were bribed to steal her resume for 10 lazy greedy mediocre goan sex workers, cheater housewives and other frauds to get all these frauds lucrative R&AW/CBI/indian intelligence jobs, falsely claiming that these frauds were online experts and domain investors , owning this website and other domain names to get a monthly salary from the incompetent dishonest indian government.
In reality none of the 10 google, tata sponsored fraud indian intelligence employees faking a btech 1993 ee degree have made any money online, invested any money online and are least interested in doing so , yet are getting a monthly salary of more than Rs 20000 each from the corrupt indian government, wasting tax payer money. This salary gifted by google, tata to all those who will betray, cheat and exploit the real domain investor, and google competitor, is then used to bribe the local intelligence and security agency officials to stalk and torture the domain investor, slowly murder her with microwave radition weapons.
The indore housewife R&AW employee veena and her associate mahesh are some of the beneficiaries of the google, tata impersonation fraud and are bribing the corrupt cruel criminal intelligence and security agency officials in panaji, goa to torture the real domain investor, slowly kill her, using the monthly R&AW salary she is getting for faking domain ownership. The google, tata sponsored goan sex expert R&AW employees sunaina, siddhiare offering sex bribes to officials to stalk and torture the harmless domain investor
when the domain investor purchased anti radiation fabrics from a supplier in maharashtra, mahesh and his associates immediately demanded a commission of Rs 37500 as he had already bribed the local security agency officials in panaji, goa to stalk and torture the domain investor, causing great pain. The domain investor has not interfered in the life of any person or caused any harm, yet the local officials in panaji, are like contract killers, making completely fake allegations to cause great pain to a harmless citizen, murdering her slowly
As the dispute in Cyrus Mistry, Ratan Tata, tata group, is covered in the indian media, people should be also aware of how the lives of harmless hardworking indian citizens have been destroyed by cruel corrupt criminal tata officials, who are murdering them slowly

Exposing the great paypal fraud in India

To force paypal account holders to take up a job , google, tata bribed powerful ntro officials to label the harmless hardworking paypal account holders, domain investors as a security threat, and steal the resume of harmless paypal account holders for lazy greedy goan sex workers who would provide lifetime free sex to top cbi, ntro, security agency and other officials and other well connected frauds .
The spineless fraud sex starved ntro officials did not have the courage or honesty to tell google, tata and paypal who instigated officials to carry out the impersonation fraud, about the money online paypal, that a lot of time has to be spent on submission and approval of articles to any article directory for link building and promotion
The fraud ntro officials also did not have the honesty and courage to tell paypal, google, tata that the yearly payment that a domain investor is paying the domain registrar is like car insurance, to prevent identity theft. Most indian women like the google, tata sponsored SEX WORKER RAW employees slim westernized goan obc bhandari SEX EXPERT sunaina chodnekar 2013 bsc, goan gsb fraud diploma holder siddhi mandrekar, goan gsb fraud housewife cbi employee riddhi nayak, shivalli brahmin cheater housewife nayanshree hathwar, gujju fraudsters flirt asmita patel,eighth standard housewife naina, indore housewife bespectacled veena and others are least interested in registering any domain names, as it is a very risky and time consuming business , with high entry barriers for those who do not have any knowledge

NTRO, CBI, security agencies should have been honest and told paypal about the money online of the domain investor which they cannot expect a housewife who is financially dependent on her spouse or sex worker who is only interested in having sex with powerful men, will not be able to or be interested in taking the risk, instead of cheaply and dishonestly claiming that these fraud women are associated with another indian citizen, india’s largest female domain investor. The domains are for sale, pay the market value, and purchase the domain names

In a country where only 53% of the population has a bank account, why are ntro, cbi and others not willing to accept the fact that almost no indian woman will be interested in investing her hard earned money in domain names, for trading or link sales, why spread completely false rumors that sex workers, cheater housewives and other frauds own domain names of another indian citizen, India’s largest female domain investor to defame, humiliate, stalk, torture and deny opportunities to the real domain investor.

NTRO most likely tapping judges phones in India

The AAP leader and Delhi CM Arvind Kejriwal in an interview stated that judges are complaining that their their phone calls are being tapped and alleged that IB (intelligence bureau) was tapping the phones. However IB does not have much technology and equipment for tapping phones on an all india basis, it most likely that ntro is tapping the phones of judges and many other indian citizens, especially those who are well educated, wealthy and subjected to impersonation frauds.
However most indian citizens are not aware of how ntro operates and how their officials are misusing extremely expensive and sophisticated equipment mainly for personal gain or hatred.
Till the operation of NTRO is regulated, indian citizens should know that their phone calls are not private, ntro can put any citizen under surveillance. The phone calls, smses, emails of the domain investor owning this website have been diverted and stolen for the last 6 years, falsely claiming national security.

NTRO, cbi falsely claim goan SEX experts, frauds are online experts, domain investors

Top CBI, NTRO officials are involved in a major sex, cheating fraud falsely claiming at least 10 SEX EXPERTS and other well connected frauds are online experts, domain investors to get them a monthly government salary of more than Rs 20000 ($300) each , though these lazy greedy mediocre women have never invested a single penny in domain names and are least interested in investing in domain names in the future also.
The real domain investor who is investing more than Rs 3 lakh (or more than $5000) annually on domain names and also spending a lot of time managing the domain names, without getting any compensation from the indian is being ruthlessly cheated, and exploited by ntro, cbi and other officials as these 10 lazy greedy mediocre google, tata sponsored indian intelligence employees are ruthlessly in stalking and torturing her causing great pain.
In addition to the gujju domain fraudster asmita patel, another fraud being extensively promoted by CBI, NTRO is the slim goan obc bhandari SEX EXPERT R&AW employee 5t sunaina chodnekar, 2013 bsc who has never invested a single penny on domain names and is least interested in doing so.
Though the NTRO, CBI, security and other indian government employees are getting a good monthly salary from the indian government, they are too miserly to pay call girls for sex with them , and they are shamelessly and falsely claiming that their sunaina, SEX PARTNER RAW employee is a domain investor so that they do not have to pay for sex .
It is a clear case of TRADING SEX FOR POWER, MONEY, the ntro officials are abusing their discretionary powers to make complete FAKE CLAIMS that their sunaina, their sex partner is a domain investor so that sunaina is paid a monthly salary by the indian government, actually for SEX , officially because fraud ntro officials falsely claim that their sex partner is a domain investor.
Income tax and other financial records will prove that like the other major domain fraudster asmita patel, the slim goan obc bhandari SEX QUEEN RAW employee sunaina chodnekar has never invested a single penny in domain names and is least interested in doing so in future also.
The real domain investor, a harmless obc single woman engineer who is impersonated by the GOAN SEX QUEEN raw employee sunaina chodnekar and others has been cheated, exploited, yet the fraud NTRO officials involved in the resume theft, sex, cheating fraud, refuse to acknowledge their mistake or correct it in an indication of the high level corruption in NTRO and indian intelligence agencies.
Most lawyers agree that the real domain investor has been cheated, exploited and denied justice, NTRO officials have no right to misuse the resume of the domain investor, engineer who they do not know. Like property theft, resume theft is a serious crime, and a writ petition will have to be filed if the NTRO, CBI officials do not end their resume theft fraud at the earliest,

CBI promoted goan SEX WORKERS, FRAUD RAW employees are ruthless cruel dangerous criminals

Though the iit kharagpur 1993 gold medalist sundar pichai led google, tata, ntro, cbi officials are allegedly falsely claiming that the lazy greedy mediocre inexperienced goan sex workers slim goan obc bhandari slut sunaina chodnekar, goan gsb fraud diploma holder siddhi mandrekar, brahmin housewives goan gsb fraud riddhi nayak,bengaluru shivalli brahmin cheater housewife nayanshree hathwar, gujju domain fraudster flirt asmita patel and other frauds are online experts, domain investors, financial records, income tax returns will easily prove that these google, tata , cbi sponsored RAW Employees and their associates are DANGEROUS CRUEL CRIMINALS AND FRAUDS far worse than the nigerian fraudsters.
These google , tata, cbi sponsored CRIMINAL CRUEL RAW employees did not answer JEE, get an engineering degree yet these cruel criminal indian government employees and their powerful criminal associates are ruthless in stalking and torturing the harmless obc single woman engineer whose btech 1993 EE degree these google, tata sponsored criminal SEX WORKER, cheater housewife R&AW employees falsely claim to have to get a monthly salary of $300 or more than Rs 20000 each for fake resume, fake investment, fake work,
The latest criminal attack of these google, tata sponsored criminal fraud R&AW employees and their cruel criminal associates on the obc engineer with microwave radiation weapons took place at around 5 pm on 13 october 2016 in panaji market area,causing a severe headache. The headache due to criminal officials continues after 12 hours
Will the indian government employees who was responsible for the cruel criminal attack , under section 323 of the indian penal code, be able to defend their criminal attack on a harmless citizen in an open debate . The obc engineer who was criminally tortured by cruel indian government employees is confident that these criminal cruel mentally unsound officials will never be able to do so. why is the criminal official who initiated the microwave attack not questioned or punished for his crime,

Tata, google officials are great salesmen, conmen

After 6 years of the great online fraud, it has become obvious that google, tata officials are allegedly great salesmen, selling the most fraud and unrealistic ideas to extremely powerful ntro, cbi, security agency officials, who blindly believe whatever these officials are saying , though they are complete lies.
When the lazy greedy google, tata sex experts sunaina, siddhi and others were not doing any work online at all, and had never invested any money online and are least interested in doing so, why did the powerful google, tata officials shamelessly lie and make fake claims
Though financial records would easily prove these lies, why did no one question the google, tata officials when they continue to lie for more than 6 years, make fake allegations, to defame, cheat and exploit a harmless domain investor, link seller.

Defaming an innocent harmless person is extremely lucrative

Now it is increasingly clear that the cunning fraud pathological liar google, tata, cbi, ntro officials intentionally launched an extremely malicious slander campaign against a harmless single woman obc engineer, domain investor, making up complete fake stories, because these cunning cruel animal like officials know that it will be extremely lucrative for themselves, their lazy greedy mediocre SEX WORKER, CHEATER HOUSEWIFE AND OTHER FRAUD FRIENDS AND RELATIVES
would the shameless goan gsb frauds riddhi siddhi, obc bhandari sex worker sunaina, cheate housewife nayanshree and others get lucrative raw.cbi jobs with their own mediocre resume , mediocre investment, lack of work ethic, experience , lack of risk taking skills,

It is increasingly clear that one or more extremely cunning malicious cruel official in indian intelligence and security agencies, google, tata are making up the false stories intentionally to defame the harmless single woman obc engineer, so that he can cheat, defame, exploit and torture her for the rest of her life . This officials is allowed to waste indian tax payer money to monitor his victim for more than 6 years, while his victim is unable to get any information about the name, designation of the officials who are spreading false stories to end the slander

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Another criminal attack of goan obc bhandari sex expert R&AW employee sunaina chodnekar

The slim google, tata sponsored goan obc bhandari sex expert R&AW employee sunaina chodnekar, 2013 bsc and her associates are extremely vicious in torture the harmless obc single woman engineer whose btech 1993 EE degree, resume, investment, she falsely claims to have to get a monthly R&AW salary . The latest attack took place on 22 September 2016, at around 11.40 am onwards.
Since the obc engineer had switch off the mobile phone to avoid being criminally attacked, the cruel ntro officials used human intelligence to identify her and then torture her. They had used memory reading earlier in the day to find out her schedule, which shops she would visit, Then when she reached the shop, their associate identified the engineer, domain investor, and they almost immediately started torturing her with high power microwaves causing a severe headache

This daily torture causing headache, body ache of sex worker R&AW employees and their associates makes it difficult for the domain investor to leave the house

Domain fraudster R&AW employees asmita patel, nayanshree hathwar, sex worker sunaina chodnekar and others launch criminal attack on domain investor

In a clear indication of the corruption, nepotism and human rights abuses in India in 2016, domain fraudsters like gujju flirt asmita patel, bengaluru shivalli brahmin cheater housewife nayanshree hathwar, slim goan obc bhandari sex worker sunaina chodnekar who has SEX with top officials, goan gsb frauds riddhi siddhi and others, who are openly faking their btech 1993 EE degree, resume, domain and other investments are considered to be VVIps and given great powers, R&AW jobs with monthly salary and allowed to waste indian tax payer money to stalk and torture the harmless obc engineer who actually has a btech 1993 EE degree and owns domain names daily.
The latest criminal attack of these google, tata sponsored fraud R&AW/CBI/indian intelligence employees and their associates on the harmless domain investor using microwave radiation weapons took place at about 14.10 hours on 21 September 2016
As the domain investor was near the Fire Brigade, at St Inez, Panaji, these criminal ntro officials gave a missed call on her mobile number to track the exact location of the domain investor. The phone call was from NTRO/R&AW officials because the mobile phone was ringing and yet the phone log was not showing any number.. They then greatly increased the radiation levels associated with the mobile phone to cause a very severe headache, causing great pain. It was rainly heavily, so the mobile phone could not be easily switched off .
It was an intentional criminal attack of cruel powerful selfish animal like ntro, government officials on a harmless indian citizen, causing great pain out of hatred or to please their bosses in google, tata . The criminal ntro official who launched the microwave radiation attack only had the area in campal in his control, and has been attacking the domain investor repeatedly using the mobile number to track her location.
Though the domain investor is a harmless citizen trying to earn a living, allegedly bribed by google, tata he has been bribed to criminally attack the domain investor, link seller, google competitor at every opportunity as part of the iit kharagpur gold medalist sundar pichai led google’s plan to destroy competition, murdering them slowly. So the cruel criminal security agency official in campal area has programmed the surveillance system to send a notification to him, whenever the domain investor will enter the area with the mobile phone switched on, so that he can initiate the attack.

The criminal official will then increase the radiation levels greatly to cause microwave burns or headache depending on the orders of his bosses in google, tata, the problem has been noticed repeatedly . The only way to avoid being criminally attacked by the contract killer ntro officials is to keep the mobile phone switched off. Though some people may not be able to contact, the mobile user will also avoid a criminal attack by the cruel animal like contract killer ntro officials in ntro.

The security agency or ntro official is getting a good salary and pension from the indian government, yet he is ruthlessly in misusing expensive ntro equipment FREELANCING FOR GOOGLE, TATA to slowly murder harmless civilians for a certain amount. The indian government should officially publish the rate at which their employees are freelancing as contract killers, murdering harmless indian citizens with microwave weapons

As the indian government refuses to take any action against their employees who are freelancing as contract killers for top corporates, mercilessly torturing harmless indian citizens, every major attack on a harmless domain investor, will be documented in great detail so that people are aware of the great human rights abuses, torture of harmless citizens committed daily giving fake excuses of national security.

Jiah Khan’s staged “suicide” , actually a murder

According to a british forensic expert Jason Payne James, the so called “suicide” of Jiah Khan was staged, most likely a murder. In India a large number of actresses and models like Jiah Khan, Pratyusha Banerjee commit “suicide” according to the indian police, intelligence and security agencies especially CBI, when it is more likely to be a case of murder , the “suicide” is conveniently staged.

The indian intelligence and security agencies then launch a very vicious slander campaign against the actress, model, celebrity, to make the news appear to be true, and allow the real murderer who wanted to get rid of the woman roam free. In the Pratyusha Banerjee case also her parents and family members are also suspecting foul play, however the matter has been hushed up. Young women who are wealthy have usually worked very hard, made great sacrifices and unlikely to committ suicide

In the Jiah Khan case, the late actress was fortunate that her mother Rabia Khan had confidence in her and enlisted the services of a UK based forensic expert Jason James to clear her name, after her death and get her justice. However it remains to be seen whether those who murdered Jiah Khan are actually punished, because of the indian legal system.

In India government officials like the goan gsb fraud mafia of nayak, mandrekar, caro, shivalli brahmin frauds hathwar, kodancha, others like puneet, vijay, j. srinivasan, goan obc bhandari fraud pritesh, roy, patel, google, tata officials and others specialize in ruining the reputation, career of vulnerable single women, especially those who are not well connected, for personal gain or hatred.

It is time that people aware of how viciously indian intelligence and security agencies slander single young women making up fake stories to destroy their lives

Cheating a domain investor has become a habit

A lawyer correctly said that if some one cheats you, you should not let the person get away with the fraud, because otherwise cheating becomes a habit and the victim faces great losses. The fraud brahmin ntro official, bengaluru director puneet cunningly started the vicious cycle of cheating his btech 1993 EE classmate, a domain investor, misusing her name, stealing her resume, savings, and rewarding people for making completely fake allegations against her.
Others like j srinivasan, vijay, anish followed his footsteps in stealing her resume, to get their fraud friends intelligence jobs with fake resume, fake investment.
Then the goan gsb frauds riddhi siddhi followed the footsteps of the fraud puneet in cheating the domain investor online and offline.
Offline in panaji, at almost every store, the domain investor is cheated, forced to pay more than the listed price. If the shopkeeper will not pay the bribe, the shop keeper is not allowed to stock the items.
Online also the goan gsb frauds riddhi siddhi and their associates are given control of magenet, they claim that the links are monthly links when the link is being placed and then they are making the link permanent without the knowledge and permission of the domain investor.
No request is made to remove the links cancelled by the advertiser, so the ad remains on the home page, without any payment made to the domain investor monthly.
The cunning ntro, google, tata officials who have masterminded this monthly to permanent link fraud are quick to boast how the revenues of the domain investor have reduced, what they do not boast is how they have conveniently cheated her, a breach of contract under section 420, making monthly links permanent to deny her the revenues which were promised.
There are 716 permanent links , 436 monthly links, so monthly revenues should have been more than $600, she is only getting a third of the amount due/promised.

Lothario Sindhi businessman Prem Ahuja role model for google, tata

The movie “Rustom” has again revived interest in the Nanavati case where Naval Commander Nanavati allegedly killed the sindhi businessman Prem Ahuja for having an affair with his wife Sylvia. However allegedly Prem Ahuja has become a role model for top google, tata, ntro, security agency officials, most of whom are married, yet continue to have numerous extra marital affairs, openly trading sex for power and money like the Chinese official Wang Baoan.
Google, tata are allegedly promoting women who have extra marital affairs with powerful officials falsely claiming that these sex, seduction experts are online experts, to give them lucrative R&AW/indian intelligence jobs with great powers, salaries , to defame, cheat, exploit and ruin the reputation, finances of India’s largest female domain investor
Though Adultery can be a ground for divorce , it appears that it is extremely rampant in the indian internet and tech sector, and those who refuse to provide sexual favors find themselves sidelined over a period of time, defamed and denied opportunities they deserved.

Selecting the right Hilliard divorce lawyers for a quick divorce

Instead of wasting time and energy fighting with a spouse who they do not like, it is better for a person unhappily married to consult highly rated Hilliard divorce lawyers to find out the best way to get a divorce. Living with an incompatible person can be extremely stressful and adversely affect the finances and health of the couple. Though the process of getting a divorce can be time consuming and expensive, especially for the spouse who has been earning more money, it will give both the husband and wife a chance to legally end their relationship, and start life anew.

In a majority of divorce cases, the amount to be paid as alimony to the dependent spouse, usually a wife will be more if the couple have been married for a long time, so it is advisable to get a divorce at the earliest if they are incompatible. The divorce lawyers are very experienced and have handled a large number of divorce cases under different conditions. They will handle their client’s case with the consideration, expertise and empathy their client expected, providing all the information at the different stages of the divorce, completing the necessary documentation, to get the best possible deal for their client.

For couples who have been married for a longer time, and the wife has sacrificed her career, alimony will have to paid to the wife and child custody can also cause disputes. In a large number of cases, there is a lot of acrimony between the husband and wife at the time of divorce, and the husband may try to conceal his assets, so that the amount he has to pay his wife as the divorce settlement will be reduced. The experienced divorce lawyers will help their client find out the assets of their spouse accurately and also ensure that child custody matters are handled to get the best deal possible.

Though the frequency of divorce has increased in the last few decades, divorce often remains a traumatic experience for both the husband and wife. Hiring a competent and experienced team of divorce lawyers can simplify the process to a very large extent and reduce the time to get a divorce.

Lawyers being misguided, threatened

The security and intelligence agency officials in goa who are allegedly bribed by google, tata to destroy the life of a brilliant harmless single woman obc engineer, domain investor and paypal account holder are ruthless in monitoring all the activities of harmless single woman engineer, wasting indian tax payer money. Any lawyer she will try to contact in panaji, to end the denial of fundamental rights, cheating, defamation, exploitation, will be misguided by these shameless fraud officials so that they do not have the courage to meet her again or refuse to take up the case.
For example a lawyer naina k* who gets a newspaper coverage for womens rights, refused to take up the case of sexual harassment, as she had been misguided allegedly by the fraud cbi, ntro, R&AW, security agency officials that a criminal case was involved.
When the obc engineer does not interact with many people and spends most of her time reading, writing, how can anyone file a criminal case against her? When will these shameless fraud officials stop wasting tax payer money to ensure that the harmless obc engineer does not get legal help, has to become an independent lawyer.

Harmless OBC engineer not allowed to contact lawyer in panaji

To ensure that the OBC engineer they have ruthlessly defamed without proof, cheated, exploited, tortured does not get any legal help, the fraud indian intelligence and security agency officials have routed all her correspondence including smses, phone calls, postal mail, email through fraud cbi/R&AW employees like the goan gsb frauds riddhi siddhi mandrekar, goan obc bhandari sex bribe giver bsc sunaina, shivalli brahmin bengaluru cheater housewife bbm nayanshree hathwar, ruchika and others.
The shameless goan gsb fraud housewife extortionist cbi employee riddhi who looks like kangana ranaut, and fraud goan gsb diploma holder raw employee siddhi mandrekar has been particular vicious in blocking outgoing and incoming phone calls making it impossible to contact any lawyer in Panaji, to finalize an appointment to end the denial of fundamental rights.

Harmless brilliant OBC engineer denied Fundamental rights

Indian officials like to boast that India is a democracy with citizens enjoying the same liberties as western democracies. However this is not true as a harmless single woman obc engineer has been defamed without proof for more than 5 years by the indian intelligence and security agency officials to deny her fundamental rights like
– the right to privacy ( under 24X7 surveillance for more than 5 years)
– the right to earn a fair living (payment blocked, correspondence diverted)
– the right to health (she is being tortured daily)

Like all frauds the extremely powerful security and intelligence agency officials in cbi, ntro, R&AW do not have the courage or honesty to face the harmless single woman engineer openly to defend their malicious defamation or give her a chance to defend herself.

The shameless fraud tata, google, ntro, cbi, R&AW officials are falsely claiming that the lazy greedy goan SEX BRIBE giving young fraud R&AW employees obc bhandari slim bsc sunaina , goan gsb fraud siddhi mandrekar are doing all the work online though these lazy greedy fraud employeees getting a salary, do no work online, only have recreational SEX with the shameless fraud top officials who make fake claims

It has very important to mention the fraud CBI, R&AW employees because they are shameless lazy greedy liars and cheaters

Laws governing litigation

The litigation proceeds under the given law of land called constitution of the country. In India the constitution is largely framed on the basis of Government of India Act of 1935 given by the British. Law in India is deeply influenced by British common law, the American bill of rights, the Irish constitution, the German constitution and few other important legal systems of the world. For this reason the Indian constitution with 22 parts 395 Articles and 12 schedules stands as the biggest written constitution in the world. The democratic system practiced largely follows the British model of parliamentary democracy. For the safeguard of fundamental rights the American model of bill of rights is in practice .The other laws governing the litigation can be the civil procedure code for civil suits and criminal procedure code for the criminal suits here the crimes or charges are defined in the Indian penal code of 1860. All the crimes are committed are inferred as violation against the state, hence the state is always one of the parties in a criminal suit or litigation.
The provision for free legal aid and equal justice is available under Article 39A of the constitution, to the needy party unable to defend himself because of financial reasons or any other disability.
The Constitution provides for the post of an Attorney General of India to offer legal advice to the Union Government. He is appointed and can be dismissed by the President alone. Likewise provisions are made in the Constitution for the appointment of the Advocate General of a State. He is entitled to attend all legislative sessions and take part in discussions on matters in which expert legal knowledge is required. His duty includes advising Government on legal matters pertaining to his state.
The Supreme Court acts as the guardian of the constitution and is the highest court of appeal. The judgments delivered by the Supreme Court have a binding effect on all the other courts in the country. There is a provision for a High court for every state under Article 214. For or two or more smaller states together there can be a single High Court as well. Third level of judiciary often called the subordinate judiciary exists at the district level with provisions mentioned under Article 233 of the constitution.
Hence anybody who find himself aggrieved can approach a court of law in a welfare state and file a suit.


Litigation can be described as a contest, on the issue of legal rights and liabilities, vide judicial proceedings in a court of law. There are two parties involved in litigation; it can be government and a private individual or any two private parties, or two companies having a dispute regarding certain claims and liabilities. The tussle can be regarding a claim over property, damages, specific relief etc.The contesting parties are represented by their councils called lawyers, advocates or solicitors. The litigation begins when the aggrieved party technically called plaintiffs files a complaint in the court against a defendant who has infringed the rights of the plaintiff by some action or abstinence of an action. The summons are served on the defendant to appear in the court and present his side and defends himself on the claims made by the plaintiff. The defendant should reply to the summons within the stipulated time.
The other important tool in the hands of citizens is Public interest litigation called PIL. In a matter concerning the public at large if anybody realizes the need to approach the court for any direction regarding a fundamental right or any other legal right, one can do so vide Article 226 in High Court. And one can approach the Supreme Court under Article 32 for violation of a fundamental right.

Legal fees

Next step is to find out the cost of hiring a lawyer .Generally charges vary with respect to merit and expertise in the matter. As a rule one should draw an outline of budget and the number of years the case might take to get resolved .Then one should narrow down on the expert lawyer one can afford and take appointment on phone. The fee details should be clarified in the first meeting itself so that you have a smooth relationship with your lawyer and there is no misunderstanding during the case proceedings. It is not advisable to switch lawyers during the case proceedings, hence all the details i.e. the fee, the expenses under different heads, lawyers commitment for your case for the specific time should be thoroughly enquired.


The best way to find a lawyer is often is to take advice from acquaintances, relatives and friends. It is always advisable to talk to somebody who has faced a legal crisis similar to your issue. When faced with a corporate matter one can talk to legal manager in your company or take advice on phone from legal person in your friend’s organization. One can approach an NGO in case of a public interest litigation.  There are various websites on the internet displaying data on lawyers as per there area of specialization .There are directories mentioning list of lawyers practicing at various forums and courts. One can also approach law firms which can recommend a lawyer with specialization in your dispute.

Timely action is very essential so that you are not barred by the limitation period for approaching the court. Having screened and shortlisted a list of lawyers concerning your matter the next step is to check on the credentials of the lawyers. One can talk to community people about the merit and character of the lawyer .Your matter might take many years to get resolved, hence it is very important that you choose a lawyer with whom you share compatibility and feel easy and comfortable to talk about your problem. Mutual trust is a must in a lawyer and client relationship. As a client one should not hold back any information, fact, and data relevant to your matter. There are generalists and a specialist class of lawyers .Specialist is a lawyers who has worked under a lawyer with a specialization in a particular field of practice i.e.  constitutional law, criminal law, corporate law , public interest litigation , family law, mergers ,acquisitions, FEMA, MRTP, insurance, taxation , consumer law, property law, medical negligence, etc. The diverse nature of law often makes it essential for a lawyer to have worked under a specific field for a number of years to give him an expertise and grip of the legal and procedural intricacies. The years of practice are generally a valid ground to screen a lawyer. One should also take an account of the lawyer’s history with respect to his association with a law firm or senior as an intern or during the training period as this would give you an idea of his legal knowledge and expertise. The details of the number of cases handled and favorable orders received from the court.